Cholesterol and cardiovascular health

There are few who know that cholesterol is a fatty substance present in all the cells of the body that is necessary for life itself, because it fulfills important functions in the body. Among them, it is noteworthy that it is part of the cell membrane; intervenes in the formation of bile acids (necessary for the digestion of fats); it serves for the formation of some hormones, including sexual ones; and in the skin it is transformed into vitamin D, by the action of the sun’s rays.

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An unhealthy relationship

The heart is the most important organ of the human body. Keeping it in perfect condition is essential for the proper functioning of the organism. Cholesterol can negatively affect cardiovascular health.

The right cholesterol level for healthy people is 220 milligrams per deciliter. This number should be reduced in people who have already suffered a cardiovascular accident. This is because cholesterol is harmful to the health of the heart. High cholesterol levels are a risk factor for the onset of cardiovascular diseases that can lead to death of the person who suffers.

The cholesterol be stored in the arteries. This accumulation gradually causes the arteries to become narrower and more rigid. Depending on whether the accumulation of cholesterol occurs in the coronary arteries or in those that go to the brain, it can cause angina pectoris, a myocardial infarction or cerebral infarction.

Take care of the heart

Cholesterol is one of the substances that we most directly relate to health problems. The heart is the organ that most suffers a high cholesterol level. Numerous cardiovascular diseases start at abnormal cholesterol levels. The level of cholesterol must be controlled to prevent cardiovascular diseases.

Keeping cholesterol at normal levels will reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. To do this, you must follow a healthy routine that includes food, sports and avoid unhealthy habits:

  • Care of food: There are foods that will help to reduce high cholesterol. These are those that have a high fiber content such as fruits, vegetables, legumes or nuts.
  • Exercise practice : Practicing sports is an activity that will help reduce cholesterol. The sporting practice must be adapted to the conditions of each person. Between 30 and 60 minutes is the recommended daily time of physical exercise to reduce cholesterol.
  • Do not smoke or consume alcoholic beverages: Alcoholic beverages have a large number of empty calories. Reducing their consumption will help to avoid obesity and overweight that often go hand in hand with high cholesterol levels. Tobacco contains nicotine, a substance that will cause it to become addictive and increase blood pressure and cholesterol.

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